Working bibliography for ongoing research project.

Twitter List of users and organizations reporting on and researching extremism:


Alexander, R.R. (2017). Against the fascist creep. Chico, CA: AK Books.

Bray, M. (2017). Antifa?: the anti-fascist handbook. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House.

Hawley, G. (2017). Making sense of the alt-right . New York: Columbia University Press.

Jeong, S. (2015, 2018). The internet of garbage. The Verge  Retrieved from

Phillips, W. (2015). This is why we can’t have nice things?: mapping the relationship between online trolling and mainstream culture . Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Tenold, V. (2018).  Everything you love will burn: Inside the rebirth of white nationalism in America. New York, NY : Nation Books.


To read/review: 

Neiwert, D. (2017). Alt-America: the rise of the radical Right in the age of Trump. Brooklyn, NY: Verso.

Wendling, M. (2010). Alt-Right: From 4chan to the White House. London, UK: Pluto Press.



Analyzing social media to assess extremist group threats. Retrieved from

Anatomy of a trolling | on the media. Retrieved from

Clark, D. B. (2018). Meet antifa’s secret weapon against far-right extremists. Wired, Retrieved from

Daniels, J. (2018). The algorithmic rise of the “Alt-right”. Contexts, 17(1), 60-65. doi:10.1177/1536504218766547

“Funny is how we got here: When journalists amplify hate”. Retrieved from

Hine, G., Onaolapo, J., De Cristofaro, E., Kourtellis, N., Leontiadis, I., Samaras, R., Stringhini, G., et al. (2016). Kek, Cucks, and God Emperor Trump: A Measurement Study of 4chan’s Politically Incorrect Forum and Its Effects on the Web

How message-board culture remade the left. (2017). Retrieved from

Illing, S. (2017a). The alt-right is drunk on bad readings of nietzsche. the nazis were too. Retrieved from

Illing, S. (2017b). The roots of the alt-right. Retrieved from

Laslo, M. (2018). From the pizzagate basement to the house floor: Meet the conspiracy caucus. The Daily Beast Retrieved from

Lyons, M. N. (2017, ). The alt-right hates women as much as it hates people of colour | matthew N lyons. The Guardian Retrieved from

The man who has become white supremacists’ favorite cartoonist — whether he likes it or not Retrieved from

Matthews, D. (2016). The alt-right is more than warmed-over white supremacy. it’s that, but way way weirder. Retrieved from

Marwick, A., & Lewis, R. (2017). Media manipulation and disinformation online. New York: Data & Society Research Institute,  Retrieved from

The new conspiracists. Dissent Magazine, Retrieved from

Origins of the alt-right, part 2: White supremacy is deeply enmeshed in our culture | Retrieved from

Phillips, W. (2018). The Oxygen of Amplification, Data & Society, Retrieved from

Phillips, W. (2016). The alt-right was conjured out of pearl clutching and media attention. Retrieved from

Review | where the alt-right wants to take america — with or without trump. Retrieved from

Richardson, D. (2018)). How internet speak furthered the language of fascism 2.0. Retrieved from

Showing hate an open door. (2018). Retrieved from

Simon, F. (2017). What it looks like on the dark side of the web. Retrieved from

What pepe the frog’s death can teach us about the internet. Retrieved from

Wilson, J. (2017). Hiding in plain sight: How the ‘alt-right’ is weaponizing irony to spread fascism. The Guardian Retrieved from